The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia located to the east of the Indochinese peninsula. It has an area of 330,967 square kilometers and has about 92.7 million inhabitants in 2016. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos, Cambodia and the Gulf of Thailand to the west and the South China Sea To the east and south. Its capital is Hanoi.
Vietnam is made up of three main regions:
- in the north, Tonkin, with main cities Hanoi and Haiphong,
- in the center, the Annam crossed by the Annamite cordillera, with like main cities Hué and Da Nang,
- to the south, Cochin-China with its main city Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon).
The mountains and the high plateaus occupy two thirds of Vietnamese territory. From the Thanh Hoa region on the Chinese border to the Lao Bao Pass (Quang Tri Region), its western boundary is the Truong-Son Cordillera of the North from the Tibetan Plateau. The South Cordillera extends from the Pass of the Clouds, south of the region of Đà Nẵng, to that of Đà Lạt.
Rice farming is economically very important. To feed an increasingly large population, food crops extend to hills through terraces.